At the onset, we have evolved methods to conduct Remote Navigation Audits. The audit will cover the entire voyage from departure port till the vessel is berthed at arrival port. The process essentially uses sampling for various stages of a voyage. The sampling consists of documents, photographs, live human interaction and observed navigational practices though VDR data. The whole audit process is guided by the OCIMF publication ‘A guide to best practice for navigation assessment and audits’ generating the same level of deliverables as a Live Navigation Audit in line with TMSA element 5.4.1.